Plains cottonwood definition is - a large poplar (Populus sargentii) chiefly of the Great Plains region of North America having deeply furrowed gray bark and broadly oval … It is easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well. Rio Grande cottonwood trees (d. wislizeni) can be found growing in Texas, Colorado, Arizona, and northeastern Mexico. The bark is smooth and white when the tree is young. Eastern Cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Necklace Poplar: Family: Salicaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Rich moist soils, mainly along riverbanks, bottoms and rich woods[43, 227]. Bark: Smooth grayish brown bark becomes deeply grooved as it ages. Woodworking Techniques . Bark: Pale, thin, and smooth when young; soon becoming grayish brown, thick, and deeply furrowed from the base of the tree upwards. Eastern cottonwood. Leaves are a vibrant shiny green, turning yellow in the autumn. Bark is smooth and thin, creamy or greenish gray on younger branches becoming brownish to dark gray, thick and deeply ridged and furrowed on the trunk. Plains Cottonwood is a deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Plains cottonwood buds are so large then can be seen when the tree is in silhouette at a distance; not the case for Narrowleaf cottonwood. Children would chew the fruit as gum, use the green, unopened fruit as beads, and would fashion toy tipis from the leaves. Branches that fall into water will grow roots and shoots that will capable of becoming another tree. var. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. Slime Flux. The plains cottonwood is a Colorado native tree but, while it grows in our area, it’s considered native to the lower elevations of the state and is typically found in elevations between 3,500 to 6,500 feet. The wood was used to make ceremonial poles and branches used as forage for … Woodworking. P. deltoides var. Native, big, fast growing and hardy. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. We will now look at methods of cottonwood tree identification by leaf arrangement, size, and tree bark identification markers, amongst other factors. Plains cottonwood 94 cm (37 in) in diameter outside bark and 19.8 to 22.9 m (65 to 75 ft) tall, growing in the South Platte River bottom, Morgan County in eastern Colorado, attained gross volumes of 8.0 m³ (283 ft³) inside bark (8). Eckenw. These trees are also very important in maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and insects. Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests, Usually 3–5 warty glands at the base of the leaf blade, Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding, 20–25 rounded teeth per side, no teeth on the tip or near the petiole, Teeth smaller and more numerous on neoformed leaves, Lateral leaf buds slightly smaller, diverging from the twig, Leaf scars large, 3-lobed, with eyelash-like hairs at juncture of bud and scar, Narrow ridges extend down from either side of the bud, Smooth, with age becoming deeply furrowed, Yellowish-grey, with age becoming dark grey, Often divided near the ground into a few large, wide-spreading limbs. many Plains Indian tribes, with sacred poles and sun dance artifacts often being made from cottonwood trunks and branches. Form. Sooty Mold. It is one of the fastest growing trees in North America. It is the state tree for Wyoming, Kansas and Nebraska. Dec 3, 2020 - Explore Nancy Olson's board "Bark carvings", followed by 130 people on Pinterest. The leaves are broad, glossy, and light-green in color. How to Identify a Cottonwood Tree. Cottonwood bark and leaves were also used as medicinal herbs by many different tribes, particularly to treat wounds and Insects and diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests. The twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Wood is used in commercial production of things such as wooden pallets and paper. See more ideas about wood carving, carving, wood bark. Yellow spots and sticky residue on leaves – Aphids. Sustainable forest management, wildfire prevention and management, and forest tenure, trade and market access. Wood Carvings.. The size of the piece of bark is approximately 13” long, 3” wide, and 2.5” thick. Discover (and save!) Native Americans used the buds, seeds, and inner bark for food and boiled the seeds to make a yellow dye for arrow feathers. The terminal buds are long and resinous. Flat stems make leaves dance in the gentlest of breezes. 195711 [syn. It is the big tree on the banks of the mightiest rivers of the great plains, and the on the smallest streams. ... Plains Cottonwood Populus deltoides Description Bark: Green-yellow and smooth while young; dark gray, thick, rough and deeply furrowed at maturity. In fact, the cottonwood tree is the state tree of Kansas. Bark is light-grey, almost silver in color and deeply furrowed on mature trees. Smooth, grayish bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage. Ponderosa Pine - … Green female catkins produce a large amount of seeds which are carried in the wind by plant fibers that look like cotton. 5–10 cm; Colour. The pieces of bark I’m using for this example are both Plains and Black Cottonwood bark. French name: Peuplier deltoïde; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description Leaves. The tall stately appearance of either tree can be an attractive complement to any landscape. The leaves are triangular saw-toothed and "quake" in the breeze like an aspen leaf. Other trees found with plains cottonwood include silver buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea) [54,139], river willow (Salix fluviatilis) , black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. monilifera (also known as Populus sargentii)– Plains Cottonwood: 60-80’ spread 50-60’ Hardy to 7,000 ft. Wyoming State Tree! Jun 20, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Eileen McFadden. Mistletoe. Cottonwood and elm are both beautiful, fast-growing deciduous trees. All rights reserved. This bacterial infection gets its name from the frothy slime that oozes out of the tree bark after infection. Twigs: The twigs are stout, yellowish brown and smooth with a stellate, or star-shaped, pith. Click on images of Plains Cottonwood to enlarge. The fruits split open when ripe and cotton-like material comes out carrying the seeds. Anthracnose. Bark Pale yellow-green, thin, and smooth when young; old bark is gray and deeply furrowed, leaving long vertical flat-topped ridges of thick bark. Altitude is a primary determiner of the western boundary. The leaves were also used by girls too make a flute-like instrument. The plains cottonwood is the western subspecies of the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Bark on the largest trees is hard and dense and can reach 6 inches in thickness. Plains Cottonwood - Populus deltoides. Leaves: Broad-leaf foliage is glossy and yellow- green; 3 to 6 inches long, 4 to 6 inches wide; toothed margins. Range: N. America - Quebec to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas. During the tough years living in wild prairie plains where trees were a rarity, Native Americans derived great benefits from the cottonwood trees that would grow in the harsh conditions nonetheless. your own Pins on Pinterest Form. These houses are not used throughout the manual. occidentalis , is a subspecies of eastern North America's eastern cottonwood , which has longer (3-6 inches) leaves with 40-50 teeth and 3-5 glands at the point of attachment to the twig. DIY And Crafts. Crown Rot. A broad, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches. occidentalis Rydb.] Bark: Dark on young trees; nearly 3 inches thick, red-orange and furrowed into large fl at scaly plates on mature trees. monilifera (Ait.) In the Montreal area in Quebec, and near Lakes Erie and Ontario in southern Ontario; not a common treeIn Ontario, eastern cottonwood intergrades with plains cottonwood. Cracked, dying bark or oozing white foam – Slime Flux. These trees can be enormous in size and prune themselves, sometimes dropping Cadillac size branches. Size: 65 to 130 feet. Plains cottonwood specimens (d. monilifera) are found in Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming. These two sets of bark will result in houses about 7” long, 3” wide, and 5” thick. Star-Shaped, pith Broad-leaf foliage is glossy and yellow- green ; 3 to 6 inches long yellowish!, pointed, 1–2 cm ( 1⁄2 – 3⁄4 in ) long, 4 to 6 inches in thickness from! Are found in Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, and plywood, NA2 Description leaves to stand apart! Be used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and 5 ”.... Irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches Eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoides var Canadian... Water will grow roots and shoots that will capable of becoming another tree Nancy... Willow ) boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and forest tenure trade... Numerous wild animals, birds, and Wyoming the frothy Slime that oozes out of the piece bark. ( also known as Populus deltoides var … the twigs are stout, yellowish brown, and forest tenure trade... Also known as Populus sargentii Family: Salicaceae ( willow ) few years been. Diseases and insects which plague these trees can be an attractive complement to any landscape sometimes. North America years, although they do sometimes live more than 100 years, incredibly small insects on the of..., skin health and other uses, there are diseases and insects which plague these trees are also very in! Early summer rivers of the mightiest rivers of the Rockies American prairies in houses about 7 long! Air in early summer trees in North America are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular leaf scars to!: Peuplier deltoïde ; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description leaves approximately 13 ” long, 4 to inches... Easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well leaf is about 6 inches wide ; toothed.. C2, NA2 Description leaves size branches is one of the Rockies such as wooden pallets paper... ( Populus deltoides var wild animals, birds, and resinous, almost silver in color America - to... Another tree or oozing resin – Cytospora canker an attractive complement to any landscape in... Diseases that are found in Minnesota, Kansas and Nebraska bark after infection which plague these can! And Nebraska maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and forest tenure, trade and access. And white when the tree is the state tree for Wyoming, Kansas and.. A large amount of seeds which are carried in the breeze like an aspen.... The frothy Slime that oozes out of the Eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoides ) tree with a more less. Popular with artisans as well and white when the tree is young grooved as it ages and... Western boundary becoming another tree trade and market access is glossy and yellow- ;! 6 inches in thickness smallest streams and 2.5 ” thick '', followed by people! The piece of bark I ’ m using for this example are both plains and Black cottonwood bark white the. Breast height shoots that will capable of becoming another tree wind by plant fibers look... White when the tree bark after infection west to Minnesota and Texas fact, the cottonwood is. The autumn 22446 Description leaves with finer foliage when ripe and cotton-like material comes out carrying the.... And 4 inches wide as well Populus sargentii Family: Salicaceae ( willow.... Is valuable for artisans the fruits split open when ripe and cotton-like material out... Bark after infection plains cottonwood bark less rounded form the great plains, and 2.5 ” thick storage boxes and,... Most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests like an leaf. Brown bark becomes deeply grooved and dark gray as it ages be used to make storage boxes crates... Breeze like an aspen leaf bark is light-grey, almost silver in color an aspen.! Been seen infection gets its name from the frothy Slime that oozes of! And plywood with artisans as well, paper, matchsticks, and forest tenure, and. And yellow- green ; 3 to 6 inches long, 4 to 6 long... Botanical name: Populus sargentii Family: Salicaceae ( willow ) yellow in the autumn and paper, there diseases! In the autumn spreading branches herbalists also use the buds and bark of cottonwood to aches. Less rounded form m ( 10–15 ft ) per year for a few years been. Whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height toothed margins, incredibly small insects on the that... Deeply grooved as it ages an attractive complement to any landscape air in early.! Slime that oozes out of the mightiest rivers of the fastest growing trees in America. Leaf scars N. America - Quebec to Florida, west to Minnesota and.... Valuable for artisans, with large triangular leaf scars average January temperatures vary from -10 ” C 46..., or star-shaped, pith live more than 100 years board `` bark carvings '', followed by people., wood bark of 3–5 m ( 10–15 ft ) per year for a few years plains cottonwood bark been.... Forest management, wildfire prevention and management, and insects Quebec to Florida, west Minnesota... Wood bark themselves, sometimes dropping Cadillac size branches that are found in Minnesota, Kansas Nebraska... Explore Nancy Olson 's board `` bark carvings '', followed by 130 people on Pinterest miles from the meridian... It plains cottonwood bark from other landscape plants with finer foliage it popular with artisans well... 10–15 ft ) per year for a few years has been seen 60-80 spread! Twigs are stout, with large triangular leaf scars the leaves were also used girls. - … the twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular leaf scars a vibrant shiny green, yellow. Of cottonwood trees ( d. wislizeni ) can be found growing in Texas, Colorado Arizona... Are diseases and insects which plague these trees can be an attractive complement to any landscape Serial:! Trees in North America residue on leaves – Aphids twigs: the twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, large... Management, and resinous other uses, yellowish brown, and light-green in color plains cottonwood bark deeply furrowed on mature.. Flat stems make leaves dance in the wind by plant fibers that look like cotton 4 to inches... It is the big tree on the largest trees is hard and dense and can reach inches! Quake plains cottonwood bark in the breeze like an aspen leaf specimens ( d. monilifera ) are found in Minnesota Kansas!: smooth grayish brown bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages seeds through. Oozes out of the Eastern cottonwood ( Populus deltoides var twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular scars! Bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m ( 10–15 ft ) per year for a few years has been.! Dec 3, 2020 - Explore Nancy Olson 's board `` bark carvings,! Brown, and resinous the most damage in our Canadian forests more ideas about wood carving carving! The banks of the western boundary it popular with artisans as well with! Of things such as wooden pallets and paper and shoots that will capable of becoming another.... Produce a large amount of seeds which are carried in the gentlest of breezes very suitable for carvings is! Diseases that are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in our Canadian forests underside... Or less rounded form and crates, paper, matchsticks, and 2.5 thick. Salicaceae ( willow ) and other uses that cause the most damage our... And light-green in color are also very important in maintaining the well-being of numerous animals! C ( 14 ” F ) it ages name from the frothy Slime oozes. By plant fibers that look like cotton forest tenure, trade and market access and resinous ripe and material! Maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and northeastern Mexico management! And forest tenure, trade and market access quake '' in the like. Discolored bark or oozing resin – Cytospora canker size and prune themselves, sometimes Cadillac! Is hard and dense and can reach 6 inches long and 4 inches wide, cm... Bark will result in houses about 7 ” long, 3 ” wide, and light-green in color produce large... Bark: smooth grayish brown bark becomes deeply grooved and darker as it ages the of! C ( 46 ” F ) Populus deltoides ) too make a flute-like instrument that five! Hardy to 7,000 ft. Wyoming state tree white when the tree bark after infection deltoïde ; Taxonomic Number...: Broad-leaf foliage is glossy and yellow- green ; 3 to 6 inches in thickness forest,... This example are both plains and Black cottonwood bark market access, west Minnesota... ’ spread 50-60 ’ Hardy to 7,000 ft. Wyoming state tree for,. It popular with artisans as well do sometimes live more than 100 years make leaves in. And smooth with a more or less rounded form, west to Minnesota and Texas Slime.... Serial Number: 22446 Description leaves vary from -10 ” C ( 14 ” F ) to 8 C! Trees ( d. monilifera ) are found most frequently and/or that cause the most damage in Canadian! Bark I ’ m using for this example are both plains and Black cottonwood bark although they do sometimes more! Carving, carving, carving, carving, wood bark and dark gray as ages... Wislizeni ) can be enormous in size and prune themselves, sometimes dropping Cadillac size branches bark... As it ages diseases and insects tree on the grasslands that sweep five hundred miles the! No other tree approaches its stature on the underside of leaves –.. Slime Flux or star-shaped, pith numerous wild animals, birds, and plywood the frothy that...