A prescription for this medication is refillable. The side effects of theophylline may include stomach upset, headache and although rare, seizures and heart arrythmias. Child dosage (ages 1–15 years who weigh more than 45 kg). These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Drug Interactions and Cautions Theophylline can worsen stomach ulcers and some heart conditions in canines. Your dose will be adjusted based on the amount of theophylline in the blood. Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Theophylline, also known as dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as COPD or asthma under a variety of brand names. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. Extra Heartbeats. This medicine is used to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. It’s also available in an intravenous (IV) form, which is only given by a healthcare provider. Some of the more common side effects that can occur with use of theophylline include: If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. For people with heart failure: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). This can help make sure you stay safe while you take this drug. Your maximum dose per day shouldn’t be higher than 400 mg. Take the tablets with food. It can also be given intravenously (into a vein) for treatment for severe asthma attacks or COPD exacerbations. These drugs may decrease the levels of theophylline in your body. Elixophyllin (theophylline) side effects list for healthcare professionals Adverse reactions associated with theophylline are generally mild when peak serum theophylline concentrations are < 20 mcg/mL and mainly consist of transient caffeine -like adverse effects such as … This drug is given in divided doses every 4–6 hours. Never use theophylline in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. sweating. Theophylline side effects Theophylline oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional. Theophylline is considered a component of a treatment plan. Prices for theophylline start at just $ 31.65 with a GoodRx coupon. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, being present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Etophylline+Theophylline Tablet medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. You may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for your medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. You may have the following symptoms: If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. Not much is yet known about the adverse effects of this medicine, but the following effects are possible: 1. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. A Disorder With Excess Antidiuretic Hormone Called Syndrome Of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone. However, theophylline is removed more slowly from the body in children under 1 year old. Irregular heart rate. Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. The amount of theophylline in your blood may also be monitored more closely. 111 Serum drug level monitoring is needed with doses above 12 mg/kg or if side-effects occur. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. It’s used for long-term treatment. This increases your risk of side effects. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Babies younger than 24 days: 1 mg/kg of body weight, Babies 24 days and older: 1.5 mg/kg of body weight. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction : hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a phosphodiesterase inhibiting drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. If you’re given theophylline in a hospital emergency, via your vein (intravenously), another possible short-term side effect is an irregular heartbeat. Theophylline may cause side effects. They’re fast, easy-to-use and free! For women who are breastfeeding: Theophylline may pass into breast milk and may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. What is the most important information I should know about theophylline? You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Theophylline oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects. It’s available as an oral solution, an extended-release tablet, and an extended-release capsule. Tags: normal theophylline level theophylline theophylline dosage theophylline mechanism of action theophylline moa theophylline side effects theophylline toxicity theophylline uses what is theophylline. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. It comes with risks if you don’t take it as prescribed. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. These drugs can increase the levels of theophylline in your body. Don’t make up the missed dose. Theophylline is a prescription drug. Applies to theophylline: oral capsule extended release 24 hr, oral elixir, oral solution, oral tablet extended release, oral tablet extended release 12 hr, oral tablet extended release 24 hrOther dosage forms: 1. intravenous solutionAlong with its needed effects, theophylline may cause some unwanted effects. Get answers to frequently asked questions about theophylline. The effects listed are the most frequently encountered side effects upon taking theophylline as a broncholytic. Our mission is to provide a free, reliable and … Examples of these drugs include: These drugs may increase the levels of theophylline in your body. Theophylline may be used as part of a combination therapy. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Theophylline Side Effects Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur. THEOPHYLLINE is a bronchodilator. This means that it may not work to treat your condition. All rights reserved. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. It helps open up the airways in your lungs to make it easier to breathe. License: Except as otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.For commercial use or customized versions, please contact biobyte solutions GmbH.. Disclaimer: The content of this database of side effects (adverse drug reactions) is intended for educational and scientific research purposes only. Keep it in your carry-on bag. Measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device/cup. vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds. Theophylline oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. Examples of these drugs include: Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. More common side effects Some of the … Creighton University, Center for Drug Information and Evidence-Based Practice, Theophylline may interact with other medications, Important considerations for taking theophylline, New Test Can Distinguish Asthma from Allergies with Just One Drop of Blood, How Actress Angela Trimbur Created an Online Community of Breast Cancer Survivors, The Best Adjustable Mattresses for Back Pain. Theophylline is used off label to treat cough caused by bronchoconstriction. upset stomach; stomach pain; diarrhea; headache; restlessness; difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep; irritability; Some side effects can be serious. For people with low thyroid levels: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. An example of these drugs is: This drug raises your risk of side effects from theophylline. This means that you may have more side effects. Theophylline works by relaxing the smooth muscles of the airways while relieving inflam… Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. While it's not addictive, it can cause dependence if asthma isn't well…, White blood cells called neutrophils point the way to a clear diagnosis, If you have a bowel condition or are having bowel surgery, you may be asked to follow a low residue diet. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Theophylline is a very effective bronchodilator medicine. The use of drinks that contain alcohol raises your risk of side effects from theophylline. Bloody Vomit. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to caffeine. This content does not have an Arabic version. When flying, never put it into a checked bag. This means that you may have more side effects. After 3 days, your doctor may increase your dose to 16 mg/kg daily up to a maximum of 400 mg per day if you don’t have any side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different medication schedule. Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with theophylline are listed below. Talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your child. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Child dosage (ages 1–15 years who weigh less than 45 kg). 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