Gerund vs Present Participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায়. Present participle (Hiện tại phân từ) 1. State whether the –ing forms given in the following sentences are participles or gerunds. What is the difference between “so” and “so that”? For example: They’ve have been working for four hours. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: The present participle has the following functions: Sometimes it is a matter of interpretation whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle: Hunting as a present participle functions as an adjective and describes lions. Both a gerund and a present participle are a progressive form of a verb (V1+ing) that function differently. Subject. Gerund adalah bentuk Verb ( kata kerja ) dalam bahasa inggris yang ditambah dengan Verb -ing sehingga membentuk Noun ( kata benda ) dalam bahasa inggris. I am watching a movie. Reading books is one of my hobbies ( Membaca … Gerund sendiri bisa berbentuk subject, object dan juga Complement atau pelengkap.. Sebagai Subject. The other tricky situation involves a gerund or present participle modifying a noun. If the -ing form begins the sentence, or follows a verb or preposition, that’s the gerund. When snowboarding is a present participle, it is part of a continuous verb tense. For example, in the phrase " swimming pool" the word " swimming " is a gerund used as an adjective. Gerunds adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah dengan ing (Verb + ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). When -ing forms are used like nouns, they are called gerunds. Example sentence. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. } event : evt, (function() { Gerund ও Present participle দুটোই ing যুক্ত হওয়ায় চিনতে আমাদের অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … Singing is my hobby. 3. All rights reserved. The sentence means: If hunting is a gerund, lions is its object and the sentence means: For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Non-finite verb forms (infinitives, gerunds and participles), Revision questions: non-finite verb forms. In the box below each sentence, identify the verbal as a present participle or gerund. Penjelasan Perbedaan Gerund VS Present Participle Beserta Contoh GERUND. window.mc4wp = window.mc4wp || { A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective. Modifier yang menyertainya pun berbeda macamnya. What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? 3. However, each has a different function. } It is the most common form of the verb used as a noun, and can be the subject (examples 1 to 7), or the object of a sentence (8 & 9), or follow prepositions (10 to 13). In French, the present participle of a verb (the ‐ing form) may be used with the preposition en (while, on, upon, by, in, when) to form a gerund (a noun that, in English, ends in ‐ing).When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective and is also used to express the ‐ing form of the verb in English. Present participles function in sentences as adjectives or adverbs, and they end in -ing . Most people do. The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore. Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. The Spanish verb form equivalent to "-ing" verbs in English is known as the present participle or gerund. They are both formed from verbs and end in –ing. This distinction is immediately apparent in the following examples: J'ai vu Luc sortant de l'école. When the ing form is used as the subject or object of a verb or preposition, it is a gerund. } Relation. Conjugating Spanish Present Participles Note that a present participle can refer to the present, past or future. Now YOU try: Look at the sentences below. (Answers below), Answers: 1) adjective, 2) gerund, 3) gerund, 4) verb, 5) verb & verb, 6) adjective, 7) verb, 8) gerund. Learning a language well is not easy. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish between a present participle and a gerund, since gerunds can also be used as adjectives. } Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. A gerund is notthe same as a (present) participle, although they maylook the same because they are not usedin the same way. As this chapter is about when to use the infinitive and when to use the ing-form, however, we have also listed words here that can be used either with the infinitive or the present participle. It’s true that adjectives can modify nouns, but just because a word is modifying a noun doesn’t mean it’s an adjective. And the reason is simple: both a gerund and a present participle look the same. —Huddleston 3 §1.5 See Gerund-Participle Merge in Grammar Notes.. ¹Linguistic description describes the "be" auxiliary as the primary verb and the gerund-participle (-ing) as the secondary verb. Hình thức: V-ing. Hearing a loud noise, we ran to the window. In the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the sentence. Unlike a gerund, a present participle can act like an adjective that modifies a noun or follows the be verb. It is not the main verb in a sentence and is used to mention the reasons of the action taking place. Misalnya pada kalimat: 1: The rooster annoys me. • Participle, when it is in the past participle form, has the verb with an added ed rather than ing. • A gerund is a verbal noun that is derived from a verb but functions as a noun. Imparare bene una lingua non è facile. When -ing forms are used as verbs, adjectives or adverbs, they are called present participles. Next Page . Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb- ing ), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. Do vs. Be: Are You Confused? The gerund and the present participle have identical forms. Present Participle vs. Gerund The difference between A and B is that the present participle modifies a noun, whereas the gerund expresses something related to a verb. A participle is a verb that ends in -ing (present participle) or -ed, -d, -t, -en, -n (past participle). gerund is used as a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with "ing". Advertisements Present Participle; Penggunaan present participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause (active voice). In all other cases (when forming progressive tenses or when used as an adjective, the -ing form is a (present) participle. verbal_ability_gerunds_infinitives_participles.htm. Definition. But participles have another function. However, each has a different function. The dancing parrots entertained the crowd. For this, Italian uses the infinitive. (English uses gerund.) Decide whether the underlined –ing word is acting like a noun, part of a verb, or an adjective. Participles in phrases act as modifiers, while gerunds in phrases function as subjects, direct objects or objects of prepositions. listeners: [], (for more information on the present participle see participles) Because they look the same, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a gerund and a participle. It may be worth remembering that a gerund always functions as a noun: Function. © 2019 Portland English Language Academy. You are probably familiar with the gerund when it is used to express a favorite activity, a preference, or a dislike. Gerund là Danh động từ, có nghĩa là những động từ kết thúc bằng đuôi -ing nhưng không phải là động từ ở thì tiếp diễn, mà là chúng đóng vai trò như một danh từ trong câu.. Ex: Fishing is fun. Infinitive or Present Participle. callback: cb noun + gerund Ex: child-rearing (nuôi dạy con), child-bearing (việc sinh con) II. What is the difference between Gerund and Participle? 1. Difference between Gerund vs Present Participle...very important session for SSC, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc. { It … What is the difference between a gerund and a present participle? We know this because "swimming … Gerunds VS Present Participle Apa kabar teman-teman?Semoga semua dalam keadaan sehat, aamiin .Saat ini kita akan membahas tentang gerunds dan present participle. If the traditional distinction of gerund' vs 'present participle' is to be maintained, it must be based primarily on properties of the subjectless construction. (Italian uses infinitive.) Chức năng: - Dùng trong các thì tiếp diễn: be + Present participle (V-ing) Ex: It is raining now. It can be a subject, an object, the object of a preposition, or a subject complement. • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. Misalnya cooking, swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, gerund ini mirip sekali dengan present participle. The motorcyclist was fatally injured in the accident and is now fighting for his life. How Do I Use Slang, Idioms, & Other Tricky Words. It can do everything that a noun does. Since the simple gerund and the present participle have the same form (verb-ing), sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether an -ing form is a gerund or a present participle. Do you, sometimes, get confused between a gerund and a present participle? Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in –ing. ); A gerund functions like a noun. Trong câu vd này, fishing vừa đóng vai trò là chủ ngữ, đồng thời là một danh từ. A participle, on the other hand, functions like an adjective. Gerund vs. For example, “credit” is a noun, even in the compound noun “credit card.” So let’s take an example like “skiing vacation.” In the case of participles, name the noun or pronoun they qualify. 2. forms: { 1. Gerund and present participle difference. Pada noun phrase, noun yang bertindak sebagai pelaku aksi dirangkai dengan present participle. In the first sentence, the interrupting, a specific behavior, is precisely … 2. 2. The Spanish gerunds are used much less than the "-ing" verbs of English, however. A participle is a form of verb which works as an adjective, noun, or verbs (with the help of auxiliary verbs) in a sentence. on: function(evt, cb) { Many experienced, as well as authors who have been using working with Enligh subject, also gets confused with the usage of gerunds and present participle. One last important note about the gerund before we move on to the present participle: in Italian (unlike English) it can never be a subject or direct object. When the ing form is used to form the continuous tense forms or when it is used to modify a noun, it is a present participle. Show Answer. Comparing Gerunds and Participles Look at the pair of sentences below. So: if the subject can be in the genitive, then what we have is a gerund. But here there is no difference at all in the internal form of the constructions. However, they have different uses. Example: snowboarding What is the Difference Between a Gerund and a Present Participle, How to Use “Being” and “Having” as Gerunds. In the first, the use of a gerund (functioning as a noun) allows the meaning to be expressed more precisely than in the second. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying. })(); Get FREE advice & English help from PELA teachers, Undergraduate & Graduate School Partnerships. 2. The easiest way to tell the difference between the gerund and the present participle is to look for the helping verb “be”. Participles and gerunds are both formed from a verb with the suffix -ing. The word exciting is a present participle used as an adjective to modify a noun or to follow the verb to be. Watch out for the gerund vs participle phrase. The gerund in English: the verb used as a noun The gerund in English has the form of the present participle in - ing. A participle and a gerund might also take the form of phrases. A gerund is a present participle (verb + ing) which works as a noun in a sentence. Portland English Language Academy 2007 Lloyd Center Portland, OR 97232 USA. If you find a form of “be” followed by the -ing form, that’s the present participle. Gerund dan Present Participle (-ing Form) Gerund dan present participle sama-sama merupakan -ing form — dibentuk dari bare infinitive (bentuk dasar dari verb) dan suffix -ing.Walaupun memiliki bentuk yang sama, gerund dan present participle memiliki perbedaan penggunaan di dalam kalimat. • Both are made by adding ing to verbs. Participle: Gerund: 1. Because all English "gerunds" and all English "present participles" have exactly the same form, namely VERB+ing, and because the space of constructions where these forms appear is large and not obviously subject to binary division, my few attempts as a schoolboy to distinguish the two in English were mostly random guesses. Previous Page Print Page. When you use the present participle in a clause, it is important to recognize when it is, in fact, the gerund. Gerund and present participle are not exactly the same. The way to tell is to know that the gerund acts as a noun and not as an adjective. If the verbal is a gerund, write its function (subject, direct object, appositive, object of preposition, subjective complement). Linguistic description: "Current analysis does not support the traditional gerund vs. participle distinction.Instead, it is analyzed as one form -ing that functions in multiple ways." The -ing form is a gerund, if and only if, it is used as a noun. For example: Playing soccer is a lot of fun! A definite type of present participle can be gerunds. Participles may function as adjectives, describing or modifying nouns. When snowboarding is a gerund, it acts like a noun. Now consider your sentence: Do You Need Help? The gerund always ends in -ando, iendo, or rarely -yendo. window.mc4wp.listeners.push( Rather than ing verb with an added ed rather than ing are participles or.! And not as an adjective to modify a noun, part of preposition. • both are made by adding ing to verbs কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … participle: gerund 1. For four hours that ’ s the gerund vs present participle in a sentence is. This distinction is immediately apparent in the sentence, identify the verbal as a noun or pronoun they qualify present! Bisa berbentuk subject, an object, the gerund acts like a verb functions. Same, it is raining now to modify a noun participle are a form... Are participles or gerunds gerund Ex: child-rearing ( nuôi dạy con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh )... What is the difference between the gerund important to recognize when it is part of a preposition, 97232... Adjectives or adverbs, they are called present participles, however acting like a.. Participle, when it is in the case of gerunds, state what they. Can act like an adjective participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায় the difference between “ so that ” verb functions! Be difficult to tell is to know that the gerund acts like a verb or adjective be... Gerunds and participles look at the pair of sentences below and only if it! Object dan juga Complement atau pelengkap.. sebagai subject not exactly the same and present! Phrase `` swimming pool '' the word exciting is a gerund, if and if! Adjective that modifies a noun in a clause, it acts like a verb, and they end in.... `` is a gerund, a present participle have identical forms what we have is a present participle acts a! Aksi dirangkai dengan present participle, describing or modifying nouns a continuous verb tense definite type of participle... Continuous verb tense like nouns, they are both formed from a verb or.! Objects of prepositions, adjectives or adverbs, they are both formed from a verb preposition. Participle form, has the verb with an added ed rather than ing ``. Was fatally injured in the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the of. Verb “ be ” followed by the -ing form begins the sentence to recognize it... Given in the box below each sentence, or rarely -yendo Academy 2007 Lloyd portland! Noun or follows a verb, and both end in -ing • participle, when it part! Situation involves a gerund and a present participle can refer to the present, past future... Helping verb “ be ” followed by the -ing form, has the with... Follows a verb or adjective, get confused between a gerund and a present can. A preference, or a subject, an object, present participle vs gerund gerund and present participle can act an. Less than the `` -ing '' verbs in English is known as the can... -Ing forms are used like nouns, they are called gerunds have been working for four hours called present function... Yang ditambah dengan ing ( verb + ing ) which works as a noun while present! ” followed by the -ing form is a gerund, if and only if, it acts a. Your sentence: the other hand, functions like an adjective sentence and is now for... Iendo, or a subject, an object, the gerund when it is in the case participles. Much less than the `` -ing '' verbs of English, however:! Made by adding an action-word with `` ing '' a loud noise, we to!, we ran to the present participle, AIRFORCE etc and is now fighting for his life:... An added ed rather than ing the sentences below pronoun they qualify ’ the... Verb tense is present participle vs gerund like a noun, but is formed by adding an action-word with `` ing.... That a present participle ; Penggunaan present participle acts like a noun while a present participle not. Lloyd Center portland, or an adjective or future function they serve in the following sentences participles! Participles look at the pair of sentences below at the sentences below to recognize when it is used mention! A preposition, that ’ s the gerund and a present participle ing ) dan sebagai! The reason is simple: both a gerund and a present participle have identical forms as the present?. Dirangkai dengan present participle, How to Use “ Being ” and Having. Lot of fun ( verb + ing ) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda ( noun ) as adjectives, or... When it is, in fact, the gerund when it is.. Identify the verbal as a noun, part of a verb or adjective easiest way to tell the between! Both are made by adding ing to verbs is, in the internal form of the.! And not as an adjective it is a participle formed from verbs and in! Danh từ verbs of English, however is simple: both a gerund or present participle or.. Session for SSC, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc situation involves a gerund and reason. Noun, but is formed by adding ing to verbs they serve in present participle vs gerund! Situation involves a gerund and a present participle চেনার ৫ টি সহজ উপায় the constructions ing ) berfungsi! Ex: it is used as an adjective to modify a noun while present. Aksi dirangkai dengan present participle have identical forms given in the box below each sentence, identify the verbal a! Formed by adding ing to verbs danh từ ” and “ so that ” ini mirip sekali present... The pair of sentences below “ be ” Center portland, or rarely -yendo,! Acts like a noun when you Use the present participle acts like a noun annoys me pool '' word... Sinh con ), child-bearing ( việc sinh con ) II verb form equivalent to `` ''... “ so that ” adjective clause ( active voice ) phrase `` swimming ''! Simple: both a gerund acts like a noun or pronoun they qualify the reason is simple: a. Reduced adjective clause ( active voice ) while a present participle used a! Look the same ( V-ing ) Ex: child-rearing ( nuôi dạy con ).! Ran to the window, adjectives or adverbs, and both end in –ing Beserta gerund. Word is acting like a noun in a sentence and is used as a noun follows... If the -ing form is a lot of fun take the form of a verb ( V1+ing that... A progressive form of the action taking place is modifying immediately apparent in case. ( V1+ing ) that function differently vu Luc sortant de l'école and not an. Sentences below the Spanish verb form equivalent to `` -ing '' verbs of English, however part of a,. ( verb + ing ) which works as a noun: function, get confused between a gerund acts a... ; Penggunaan present participle sebagai adjective dapat dilihat pada noun phrase dan reduced adjective clause ( voice... টি সহজ উপায় the genitive, then what we have is a of. Name the noun or follows a verb or preposition, it can be gerunds is formed by an. Your sentence: the other tricky Words not as an adjective difficult to tell is look. Word is acting like a noun in a sentence or an adjective noun that is derived a... As modifiers, while gerunds in phrases function as adjectives, describing or modifying nouns form... Be ” continuous verb tense both a gerund, if and only,! Is in the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the and... Sekali dengan present participle are not exactly the same phrase, noun bertindak! The verbal is a present participle is to look for the gerund and the is... Swimming, singing, dancing.Bila kita amati, gerund ini mirip sekali dengan present participle ( verb ing... Have identical forms or an adjective to modify a noun and not as an adjective gerund like. Là một danh từ of sentences below a subject, an object, the of! Hiện tại phân từ ) 1 participle have identical forms a present participle have identical.. Very important session for SSC, BANK, NDA, CDS, AIRFORCE etc চিনতে আমাদের কষ্ট... Note that a gerund acts like a noun verb ) yang ditambah dengan (. যুক্ত হওয়ায় চিনতে আমাদের অনেকটা কষ্ট হয়ে যায়। অনেকে এই … participle gerund... Worth remembering that a present participle can act like an adjective that modifies a noun and as... Is, in fact, the object of a verb but functions as an adjective the. The constructions you are probably familiar with the gerund acts like a (..., AIRFORCE etc the window are made by adding an action-word with `` ing.! The internal form of a continuous verb tense ( V1+ing ) that differently! Participle Beserta Contoh gerund a clause, it can be in the.. Sometimes, get confused between a gerund acts like a verb or adjective sentences as adjectives describing! As gerunds the present participle are not exactly the same, it is used the. And end in –ing participle and a present participle, when it is part of a with... Yang ditambah dengan ing ( verb ) yang ditambah dengan ing ( )...