Their theory holds that an individual’s overall intelligence is a result of different skills … The intelligence cycle is a process of collecting information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers. Once hostilities begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the military chain of command. Information Security & Cyber Intelligence (incl. Military commanders use military intelligence to identify security threats. In the U.S. military, Joint Publication 2-0 (JP 2-0) states: "The six categories of intelligence operations are: planning and direction; collection; processing and exploitation; analysis and production; dissemination and integration; and evaluation and feedback.". The first is strategic intelligence, general information about the enemy and the world in general. National Security Council 3. Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. The analysis reports are used to inform the remaining planning staff, influencing planning and seeking to predict adversary intent. You’ll provide essential information that … Some historic counterintelligence services, especially in Russia and China, have intentionally banned or placed disinformation in public maps; good intelligence can identify this disinformation. "Coast Guard Intelligence Looking For a Few Good Men and Women." "Defense intelligence" redirects here. The processed intelligence information is disseminated through database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the different decision-makers. These are then flagged as critical vulnerabilities. Formally defined as "Intelligence that is required for planning and conducting campaigns and major operations to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or operational areas. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. The intelligence cycle is the process through which intelligence is obtained, produced, and made available to users. In some extraordinary cases, undersea or land-based cables have been tapped as well. Developing a plan of attack is not the responsibility of intelligence, though it helps an analyst to know the capabilities of common types of military units. This information can be used not only to predict the medical weaknesses of an enemy but also to … The Coast Guard at War: Volume XII: Intelligence. To thepublic, HUMINT remains synonymous with espionage and clandestineactivities, yet, in reality, most HUMINT collection is performedby overt collectors such as diplomats and military attaches.HUMINT is the oldest method for collecting information about aforeign power. Technical intelligence (TECHNINT) are gathered from analysis of weapons and equipment used by the armed forces of foreign nations, or environmental conditions. Generally, policy-makers are presented with a list of threats and opportunities. The President 2. SWOT analysis allows us to e… First, general media and sources are screened to locate items or groups of interest, and then their location, capabilities, inputs and environment are systematically assessed for vulnerabilities using a continuously-updated list of typical vulnerabilities. This relates to a whole theatre of war or a country, its intentions and capabilities. They approve some basic action, and then professional military personnel plan the detailed act and carry it out. Tactical intelligence is focused on support to operations at the tactical level and would be attached to the battlegroup. Intelligence is broken down into nine different types, also called the nine domains of intelligence. Whatever your circumstances are, you can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal solution. The U.S. in particular is known to maintain satellites that can intercept cell-phone and pager traffic, usually referred to as the ECHELON system. Analysts generally look for the least defended or most fragile resource that is necessary for important military capabilities. More exotic secret information, such as encryption keys, diplomatic message traffic, policy and orders of battle are usually restricted to analysts on a need-to-know basis in order to protect the sources and methods from foreign traffic analysis. Analysis consists of assessment of an adversary's capabilities and vulnerabilities. In some intelligence organizations, analysis follows a procedure. Collection of read materials, composition of units or elements, disposition of strength, training, tactics, personalities (leaders) of these units and elements contribute to the overall intelligence value after careful analysis. military attachés); Espionage clandestine reporting, access agents, couriers, cutouts Most intelligence services maintain or support groups whose only purpose is to keep maps. Packaging threats and vulnerabilities for decision-makers is a crucial part of military intelligence. At the tactical level, briefings are delivered to patrols on current threats and collection priorities. Human intelligence is derived from human sources. Some industrialized nations also eavesdrop continuously on the entire radio spectrum, interpreting it in real time. Sources: Ralph Bennett (1999), Behind the Battle: Intelligence in the War with Germany 1939-1945. Financial intelligence (FININT) are gathered from analysis of monetary transactions. For example, the population, ethnic make-up and main industries of a region are extremely important to military commanders, and this information is usually public. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. The act of collecting intelligence about individuals, groups, or states of interest has come under increasing scrutiny since September 11, 2001. RAND has examined how nations successfully collect intelligence, how the U.S. intelligence community—including the FBI, CIA, and NSA—can improve its intelligence-gathering capabilities, and how the U.S. military can make better use of its … Human intelligence, gathered by spies, is usually carefully tested against unrelated sources. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:19. Military intelligence personnel gather and analyze information to be used by military commanders in decision-making. Military intelligence includes information on other countries' military forces, plans, and operations gained through a variety of collection methods. The first category considers the role of military counter terrorism in civil domestic protection. Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions. Most governments maintain a military intelligence capability to provide analytical and information collection personnel in both specialist units and from other arms and services. The operational tier is below the strategic level of leadership and refers to the design of practical manifestation. Critical threats are usually maintained in a prioritized file, with important enemy capabilities analyzed on a schedule set by an estimate of the enemy's preparation time. This includes not only broadcasts of national and local radio and television, but also local military traffic, radar emissions and even microwaved telephone and telegraph traffic, including satellite traffic. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance, Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army), List of intelligence gathering disciplines, "University Catalog 2011/2012, Master Courses: pp.99, size: 17MB", "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms", "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall's Knowledge Taxonomy", Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Intelligence Resource Program of the Federation of American Scientists, Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal, Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_intelligence&oldid=995394495, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Direction du Renseignement Militaire (France), Terrance Finnegan, "The Origins of Modern Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Military Intelligence at the Front, 1914–18,". SWOT analysis provides different ‘lenses’ intelligence analysts and highlights factors that we could exploit as well as consideration for our own vulnerabilities also. In depicting this cycle, the United States Intelligence Community uses … Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders 5. Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or mapping/terrain data. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. Until the technical revolution of the mid to latetwentieth century, HUMINT the primary so… Critical vulnerabilities are then indexed in a way that makes them easily available to advisors and line intelligence personnel who package this information for policy-makers and war-fighters. Strategic intelligence is information that is needed to formulate policy and military plans at … Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels serve at multiple echelons and types of positions throughout their tenure. This process is described as Collection Co-ordination and Intelligence Requirement Management (CCIRM). Hinsley, Francis H. "British Intelligence in the Second World War: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations". Military Intelligence Degrees. Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) is sometimes also referred to as photo intelligence (PHOTINT). 24–25. These patrols are then debriefed to elicit information for analysis and communication through the reporting chain. One of the earliest forms of IMINT took place during the Civil War, when soldiers were … SWOT analysis is used to identify the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a Person, Group, or Organisation. What is SWOT Analysis? [2] Intelligence activities are conducted at all levels, from tactical to strategic, in peacetime, the period of transition to war, and during a war itself. Here is an overview of the multiple intelligences theory, summarized by ASCD: 1. Artificial intelligence is a key component of modern warfare and is expected to grow to a market size of USD 18.82 billion by 2025. It is however imperative that the collector of information understands that what is collected is "information", and does not become intelligence until after an analyst has evaluated and verified this information. To perform routine tasks in the real world, you need to use both analytical intelligence and creative intelligence. This is why most intelligence services attach members to foreign service offices. It is commonplace for the intelligence services of large countries to read every published journal of the nations in which it is interested, and the main newspapers and journals of every nation. Strategic Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels", and corresponds to the Strategic Level of Warfare, which is formally defined as "the level of warfare at which a nation, often as a member of a Where gaps in knowledge exist, the staff may be able to task collection assets to target the requirement. This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines. Military intelligence has been essential in many wars and battles in U.S. history. Strategic intelligence is of a yet bigger scale. In these roles, you will operate sophisticated equipment, intercept foreign communications, and provide intelligence reports. Military counter terrorism techniques and responses are diverse. Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) are gathered from an array of signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources. The Intelligence Cycle is a concept that describes the general intelligence process in both a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. [3] Such intelligence may be scientific, technical, tactical, diplomatic or sociological, but these changes are analyzed in combination with known facts about the area in question, such as geography, demographics and industrial capacities. Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. The steps in the process are direction, … Congress "List of intelligence gathering disciplines", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Human intelligence (intelligence gathering), Airborne electro-optical missile tracking MASINT, Optical measurement of nuclear explosions, Effects of ionizing radiation on materials, Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) MASINT, Foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, Counterintelligence and counter-terrorism organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_intelligence_gathering_disciplines&oldid=941796081, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 19:04. Raw HUMINT is disseminated to the Intelligence Community, including analysts in the CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence and U.S. Military officers in the field. For an important policy-maker, the intelligence officer will have a staff to which research projects can be assigned. Those pursuing an Intelligence Officer position are required to attend Officer Candidate School (OCS) in Newport, RI. A great deal of useful intelligence can be gathered from photointerpretation of detailed high-altitude pictures of a country. In Psychology, there are two types of intelligence, as identified by American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Signals intelligence ( HUMINT ) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or Organisation threats... Exported to civilian policy-makers intelligence organizations, analysis, processing and dissemination `` British intelligence in Second! 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