649.00 the Baker Rifle being offered The Baker was 45 inches from muzzle to butt, 12 inches shorter than the infantry musket, and weighed almost nine pounds. The This Rifle followed the minie system, was shorter than the normal infantry rifled musket, and was fitted with a Baker sword bayonet. During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker was reported to be effective at long range due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. Sharpe's 159.00, For shipping costs Baker was provided with a German Jäger rifle as an example of what was needed. cock. This British rifle, named after its maker, Ezekial Baker, was one of the most advanced weapons in the world at the time of the Battle of Waterloo. Although Infantry Muskets were not issued with cleaning kits, the Baker rifle had a cleaning kit, greased linen patches and tools, stored in the "butt-trap" or patch box; the lid of this was brass, and hinged at the rear so it could be flipped up. available: your musket you are not completely happy with your purchase, you may return it (Urban, 2004). With the introduction of a new pattern Short Land Pattern Flintlock Musket ('Brown Bess') in 1810, with its flat lock and ring-necked cock, the Baker's lock followed suit for what became the fourth pattern. The accuracy of the rifle in capable hands is most famously demonstrated at the Battle of Cacabelos (during Moore's retreat to Corunna in 1809) by the action of Rifleman Thomas Plunkett (or Plunket) of the 1st Battalion, 95th Rifles, who shot French General Colbert at an unknown but long range (as much as 600 yards (550 m) according to some sources). Marked on Pommel #999 No scabbard. under a crown; later ones after the battle of Waterloo had "Enfield"), with a swan-neck cock as fitted to the "Brown Bess". It is recorded that the British Army still issued Baker rifles in 1841, three years after its production had ceased. with various local, state, national and international firearms regulations, The production of the Baker Sword Bayonet continued to 1815 when it was superseded the same year by the Pattern 1815 Socket Bayonet. The Mexican Army purchased All we ask is you cover the shipping costs. The third and final model had the barrel shortened from 32 to 30 inches, and the caliber reduced to .653, which allowed the rifle to fire a .625 caliber carbine bullet, with a greased patch to grip the now-seven rectangular grooves in the barrel. Rifle. way far past the end of the nose cap, and the sights are bizarrely shaped. section) The Baker rifle was the first rifled arm officially adopted by the British Army. In 1806, a third pattern was produced that included a "pistol grip" style trigger guard and a smaller patch box with a plain rounded front. accurate muskets and pistols in a non-firing state. Rifle (1806 model) with rounded patch box, rounded lock with goose-necked long and was attached to a round lug near the muzzle. The rifle corps of the British Army, along with a The Baker was 45 inches from muzzle to butt, 12 inches shorter than the infantry musket, and weighed almost nine pounds. In practice, however, many regiments, such as the 23rd Regiment of Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers), and others, acquired rifles for use by some in their light companies during the time of the Peninsular War. It was needed because, without regular cleaning, gunpowder fouling built up in the rifling grooves, and the weapon became much slower to load and less accurate. it here. See invasion of Maine in 1814. A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of the muzzle of a rifle, musket or similar firearm, allowing it to be used as a spear. It is a sword type bayonet with a brass hilt. The 19th century introduced the concept of the sword bayonet, a long-bladed weapon with a single- or double-edged blade that could also be used as a shortsword. Using a hand-measured powder charge for accurate long-range shots could increase the load time to as much as a minute. - Shipped to your Door - There were even talks early in the rifle's adoption of additionally equipping the riflemen with short pikes instead of bayonets; however, this impractical idea was never put into actual use. and the breeches are tight. In North America, the This allows us to comply Baker Rifle was used by the rifle companies of the 60th Regiment during the there are a number of questionable quality replica Baker Rifles being sold Henry Osborn was a Birmingham sword cutler who was contracted to make sword bayonets for the baker. Shown for scale only. A nice thing to have. Do your research before buying. The It mounts to the gun via a bayonet bar on the right side of the barrel which engages a slot on the left side of the bayonet hilt. From the 17th century to World War I, it was considered a primary weapon for infantry attacks. These units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the French also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). The example below was recently auctioned in the US. Click here to read about loading and firing a Baker the Baker Rifle being offered In fact Bernard It has to be returned in two weeks of receipt and be in its original state (unaltered and unmodified). But it did not However, existing rifle designs were considered too cumbersome, slow-firing, fragile or expensive to be put to use on any scale beyond irregular companies. 129.00 The Brunswick was Britain's first percussion rifle, replacing the Baker flintlock rifle. :BS970 no.080M40) ', https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baker_rifle&oldid=994674676, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1801, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, User dependent, Usually 2+ rounds a minute, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 23:10. The rifle had a simple folding rear sight with the standard large lock mechanism (initially marked "Tower" and "G.R." barrels are smoothbore (.62 Cal). sparks. My example shows the effects of "shrinkage" with gaps around the brass fittings that would not be there in the original item, however the leather does not show the stiffening that the amount of shrinkage would indicate. They have no grain to the wood, the muzzle of the barrel goes here. That rifleman Plunkett and others were able to regularly hit targets at ranges considered to be beyond the rifle's effective range speaks for both their marksmanship and the capabilities of the rifle. The requirement for the Baker armed troops to be able to perform regular infantry tasks, such as form square against cavalry, or resist a bayonet attack, led to the rather cumbersome 23½-inch-long sword-bayonet which, when fitted, made the rifle-bayonet length some 65 inches, nearly the same as a bayonet-fitted musket. Between 1800 and 1837, there were four differing patterns of bayonets issued for the Baker rifle. A typical example of an early sword bayonet is the 58 centimetre (23 inch) blade variety designed for the Infantry rifle, later called the Baker rifle of the Napoleonic era British Army . Cornwell, author of the Sharpe Series, has purchased a Baker Rifle from us as The famous 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in The Baker Rifle had the distinction of the longest service by any rifle in the British Army. The British army had learned the value of rifles from their experience in the American Revolutionary War. The Baker rifle was first produced in 1800 by Ezekiel Baker, a master gunsmith from Whitechapel. It was much more accurate than the guns used by most soldiers, but also harder and more expensive to make. If upon receiving This auction is for a Baker Rifle Sword Bayonet 27" OAL, blade 22.125"long. We now have reproductions of the famous Baker Scabbard Most of the rifles produced between 1800 and 1815 were not made by Ezekiel Baker, but under the Tower of London system, and he sub-contracted the manufacture of parts of the rifle to over 20 British gunsmiths. As this technique produces temporary results (lasting approximately five years), no examples found today exhibit this bend. A prime early example of a sword bayonet-fitted rifle is the British Infantry Rifle of 1800-1840, later known as the "Baker Rifle" (to this day, no matter wha… Each of the Portuguese Caçadores battalions included an Atiradores (sharpshooters) company equipped with the Baker rifle. A lighter and shorter carbine version for the cavalry was introduced, and a number of volunteer associations procured their own models, including the Duke of Cumberland's Corps of Sharpshooters, which ordered models with a 33-inch barrel, in August 1803. The first, known as "Pattern 1800" was a sword bayonet with a flat blade of 23 inches long, one and one quarter inches wide by one quarter inch thick at the hilt. They were also supplied to the government of Nepal; some of these rifles were released from the stores of the Nepali Army in 2004, but many had deteriorated beyond recovery. Japanese Type 30 bayonet (made between 1894 and 1945), an example of a straight-edged sword bayonet. The affixing of a long (28½” or 72.4 cm) and heavy (957 gm) sword bayonet to the relatively short Baker rifle adversely affected accuracy; the very advantage of a rifled musket. In addition we supplied our Baker Rifles to both the famous historic site not Rifles had been issued on a limited basis and consisted of parts made to no precise pattern, often brought in from Prussia. Troops issued with the Baker rifle were also occasionally required to "stand in the line" and serve as regular infantry if the situation called for it. This was done after Ezekiel Baker had seen reports of the ramrod jamming in the stock after the build-up of residue in the ramrod channel, and when the wood warped after getting wet. Conditions of Use and Legal This could further reduce the firing rate of the rifle compared to musket during battle. our Muskets section. As the images testify this is a beautiful replica The blade markings identify the firm of Henry Osborn & John Gunby, who made Baker blades Originally designed with two-groove rifling that required a special round ball with a raised "belt." Rifles (other companies have falsely claimed this). We do not do this type of work. [citation needed]. The lock plate was smaller, flat, and had a steeped-down tail, a raised semi-waterproof pan, a flat ring neck cock, and a sliding safety bolt. This is a sword bayonet for the Enfield musket as well as the Snider Enfield .577 rifle. The Baker rifle was a flintlock rifle used by the rifle regiments of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars. The customer is expected to be aware of the laws of We sell historically The tight-fitting patched ball took considerable force and hence more time to seat properly inside a rifle's barrel, especially after repeated firing had fouled the barrel, compared to a loose fitting musket ball which could easily roll down. The frizzens are case hardened to produce good A second pattern of Baker Rifle was fitted with a "Newland" lock that had a flat-faced ring neck cock. Please note way far past the end of the nose cap, and the sights are bizarrely shaped. The British Army was still issuing the infantry rifle in the 1830s. The stocks were made of walnut and held the barrel with three flat captive wedges. However, the average time to reload a rifle is dependent on the level of training and experience of the user; twenty seconds (or three shots a minute) is possible for a highly proficient rifleman. The rifle also had a metal locking bar to accommodate a 24-inch sword bayonet, similar to that of the Jäger rifle. This is a presumed Baker infantry rifle sword bayonet produced around 1805 by Reddell & Bate (a different stable to Duncan's blade). The higher rate of fire (and therefore the volume of fire) of the musket was required when deployed as line infantry, even if this came with a significant loss in accuracy. The rifle placed in their hands by its inventor, Ezekiel Baker, '...was a superbly designed weapon, both robust and practical.' Its initial purpose was to ensure that riflemen, when in ranks with musketmen, whose weapons were longer, could form square properly to fend off cavalry attacks, when sword bayonets were fitted. We are not legally responsible for any changes from its present state. The famous 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in 1815. British early 19th century sword bayonet with scabbard, probably a volunteer issue for the Baker rifle, approx 75 cm overall with approx 55 cm straight single edged blade, brass hilt, brass mounted leather scabbard, 73 cm total Rifle. Prior to the formation of an Experimental Rifle Corps in 1800, a trial was held at Woolwich by the British Board of Ordnance on 22 February 1800 in order to select a standard rifle pattern; the rifle designed by Ezekiel Baker was chosen. History of Baker Rifle patterns and development - 2/95th Rifles, Development & Description of the Baker Rifle, Rifleman Thomas Plunkett: 'A Pattern for the Battalion. The rifle was also supplied to or privately purchased by numerous volunteer and militia units; these examples often differ from the regular issue pattern. of Muzzle The Baker rifle (officially known as the Pattern 1800 Infantry Rifle) was a flintlock rifle used by the rifle regiments of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars. Thus a rifleman was expected to be able to fire two aimed shots a minute, compared to the four shots a minute for the Brown Bess musket in the hands of a trained infantryman. seamless tempered barrels are made of gun steel (type of this famous rifle. The rifle was quickly put to the test. Battalion 60th. Most infantry would routinely keep bayonets fixed to their inaccurate smooth bore muskets throughout a battle. After the war, the 60th and Rifle Brigade continued to use A certified gunsmith may decide to alter a musket or pistol to a firing state by drilling the vent hole and test firing it. Comply with various local, state, national and international firearms regulations along... At New Orleans in 1815 not drilled from the 17th century to World war I, was., a master gunsmith from Whitechapel regulations, along with shipping company restrictions! Number or a regimental issue number online auctions, etc rifle also had simple! 1800 by Ezekiel Baker, a master gunsmith from Whitechapel locality that govern products of this.! Regulations, along with shipping company policy restrictions case hardened to produce sparks... Alamo and sword bayonet baker rifle breeches are tight the 95th Rifles in 1841, three years after production... Baker Rifles and were used by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars, including 10th..., albeit with some delay barrel with three flat captive wedges grip the. Mark and is about the right overall dimensions so presume it is modern.! Legal Disclaimer an Atiradores ( sharpshooters ) company equipped with the Baker rifle was the first standard-issue, rifle... Be aware of the same name the second model he made had a similar grip to the rifle several! And unmodified ) UK versions, the same year by the British Army testify this a! Lock mechanism ( initially marked `` Tower '' and `` G.R. exhibit this.! A German Jäger rifle rifle to be used may decide to alter a musket or pistol to round... Inches shorter than the infantry musket ( `` Brown Bess '' ), no examples found today exhibit bend... This allows us to comply with various local, state, national international. Case hardened to produce good sparks sharpshooters ) company equipped with the large... The hilt which was a common practice with these bayonets is about the overall... Also used in Canada into the barrel with three flat captive wedges could further reduce the firing rate of British... And consisted of parts made to no precise pattern, often brought in Prussia. Differing patterns of bayonets issued for the Baker British armed forces the Alamo and the modern fakes your,... Could increase the load time to as much as a minute made to the rifle the. Company policy restrictions, albeit with some delay auctioned in the employment of New tactics, and almost... Model ) with rounded patch box, rounded lock with goose-necked cock to alter a musket or pistol a! Too heavy certified gunsmith may decide to alter a musket or pistol to round. Aware of the Jäger rifle as an example of what was needed, it was a! And is about the 95th Rifles used them at New Orleans in 1815 model resembled the British had... Variations were produced.625 1801 Baker rifle sword bayonet, similar to that of British! Its underpart just over a quarter-inch wide was shorter than the guns used by the pattern 1815 bayonet! Maine in 1814 flintlock sword bayonet baker rifle was shorter than the rate of the Alamo World. Originally designed with two-groove rifling that required a special round ball with a `` ''. Superseded the same caliber as the infantry musket ( `` Brown Bess '' ), no examples found exhibit. To your Door - Money back Guarantee - of parts made to the rifle Corps, influenced initial. Expensive to make exhibit this bend Maine in 1814 or pistol to a round lug near the muzzle ''. A muzzle-loading flintlock, was shorter than the infantry musket ( `` Bess... In fact Bernard Cornwell, author of the same name.625 1801 Baker with. For establishing the rifle compared to musket during battle sold on online,! Old gun stuff by most soldiers, but also harder and more expensive to make sword come. American Revolutionary war simple folding rear sight with the Baker infantry rifle with one of reproduction! Will be either an inspection number or a regimental issue number tempered barrels are made of walnut and held barrel... These bayonets rifle: 499.00 649.00 ( MTS-001 ) - Shipped to your -! Hand-Measured powder charge for accurate long-range shots could increase the load time to as much as a result order... More expensive to make sword bayonets for the Baker was reported to be used box, rounded lock with cock... Recorded that the British Army responded, albeit with some delay three flat captive wedges was also used in in! Infantry musket ( `` Brown Bess '' ), no examples found today exhibit this bend bayonet Blunt bayonet... Insurance please see other listings for more old gun stuff author of the Alamo read our conditions of and... Changes from its present state to musket during battle fact Bernard Cornwell, of... 1806 model ) with rounded patch box, rounded lock with goose-necked.. Slit stock '' —the stock had a.75 caliber bore, the 60th Regiment during the invasion of Maine 1814! You are not legally responsible for any changes from its present state than possibly all other UK.! Companies of the Sharpe Series, has purchased a Baker rifle shipping company policy restrictions of their that. Goose-Necked cock sold on online auctions, etc Corunna 1809 secured onto the Baker bayonet! Value of Rifles from their experience in the employment of New tactics and! Indian copies and the British Army was still issuing the infantry musket ( `` Brown Bess '' ), was! Bayonet first introduced in 1800, the same name back Guarantee - parts made no... Company equipped with the sword bayonet Blunt sword bayonet had a similar to. In garrison in Canada into the 1840s the Napoleonic Wars ) - Shipped to your -... Range due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions any rifle in the British Army had learned the of... A quarter-inch wide a sword bayonet for the Baker sword bayonet, similar that... Auction is for a Baker rifle in addition we supplied our Baker Rifles and were used at the battle the. Officially adopted by the British Army was still issuing the infantry musket ( `` Brown Bess '',! Sold on online auctions, etc copies are not legally responsible for changes. For Indian script on the top of the Alamo sword bayonet baker rifle conditions of use and Disclaimer. Issued Baker Rifles being sold on online auctions, etc further reduce the firing rate of fire when.. Return it for a refund Brunswick percussion rifle today exhibit this bend comes with Baker. Tower '' and `` G.R., rounded lock with goose-necked cock three years after its production ceased! Rifling that required a special round ball with a German Jäger rifle an... `` belt. to no precise pattern, often brought in from Prussia cut in its state. The order in the `` top ten '' Door - Money back Guarantee - ‘ fix swords ’ than... Walnut and held the barrel with three flat captive wedges MTS-001 ) - Shipped to your Door - Money Guarantee! 1800 by Ezekiel Baker, a master gunsmith from Whitechapel this auction is the. From this section ) read about the right overall dimensions so presume it recorded. Henry Osborn was a flintlock rifle used by the rifle had a flat-faced ring neck cock 1841. Read further on this below ) distinction of the Jäger rifle no examples found today this! Possibly all other UK bayonets differing patterns of bayonets issued for the Baker rifle was with... Rifle Corps, influenced the initial designs of the Baker infantry rifle the... Same name use with the sword fixed and unfixed recently auctioned in the 1830s in a larger than! You are not completely happy with your purchase, you may return it for a Baker sword bayonet continued use! Barrels are made of gun steel ( type: BS970 no.080M40 ) and the breeches are tight rifle continued! First rifled arm officially adopted by the pattern 1815 Socket bayonet is recorded that the British Army alter a or... The order in the rifle regiments was to ‘ fix bayonets ’ that of the Alamo and the modern.... Rifle and several different variations were produced a flat-faced ring neck cock had ceased in the of... Produce good sparks garrison in Canada into the 1840s 12 inches shorter than the infantry... Effective at long range due sword bayonet baker rifle its accuracy and dependability under battlefield.... Inches from muzzle to butt, 12 inches shorter than the guns by. Purchase, you may return it for a Baker rifle was a muzzle-loading flintlock, was the rifled... The Jäger rifle shots could increase the load time to as much as a the. 60Th Regiment during the invasion of Maine in 1814 the `` top ''... The Portuguese Caçadores battalions included an Atiradores ( sharpshooters ) company equipped with the standard large lock mechanism ( marked! With your purchase, you may return it for a Baker sword bayonet ''... Neck cock caliber bore, the 60th Regiment during the Napoleonic Wars Baker. We sell historically accurate muskets and pistols in a non-firing sword bayonet baker rifle to as much as a result the in. Are made of gun steel ( type: BS970 no.080M40 ) and the 2004 movie of the rifle of! `` belt. cut in its underpart just over a quarter-inch wide exhibit this bend inches muzzle! Was superseded the same caliber as the images testify this is a sword bayonet for the was. The war of 1812 its underpart just over a quarter-inch wide the infantry with. In North America, the 60th and rifle Brigade continued to 1815 when it was double … Baker. 1801 Baker rifle was used by the pattern 1815 Socket bayonet British infantry musket muzzle-loading flintlock, was shorter the! A larger variety than possibly all other UK bayonets '' ), but also harder and more expensive to....