With single or double flowers. ex Aiton – horseshoe geranium. Plant the pelargonium while around tamping around the roots to remove air, and just cover the root ball. Repot each year by replacing some of the soil, or in a slightly larger pot. Pelargonium hortorum (Common geranium) (Pelargonium inquinans x Pelargonium zonale) Status. Water copiously, and do it every day during the first weeks. For land-based crops, watering is done only in the first weeks after sowing and planting. The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in an umbel. … N/A. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves ( Stearn, 1992 ; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014 ). Watering after planting / transplanting is done with a water jet or a watering cannula, taking care not to wet the leaves. Pelargonium zonale umbel opening.jpg 2,304 × 4,608; 484 KB Pelargonium zonale umbel.jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 314 KB 馬蹄紋天竺葵 Pelargonium zonale -伯明翰植物園 Birmingham Botanical Gardens- (9193443434).jpg 2,816 × 2,112; 169 KB The Pelargonium species most often go by the common name annual geraniums or zonal geraniums. With a pruner, take a healthy, vigorous stem, not flowered, 10 cm long and 3 to 5 leaves long. Pelargonium - which most people mistakenly call geranium! NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: heterotypic synonym. Geraniales. Varieties of zonal pelargonium have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves, and they are popular for the beauty of their double or single white, red, salmon or pink flowers. For plantations in open soil, wait until the last risk of frost is away and the soil is warmed up. Carl von Linnéund nachfolgende Botaniker bezeichneten jedoch ebendiese Pfla… These are the classical geraniums, those that can be admired on the balconies and gardens all over the world. Pelargonium ×hortorum L.H. ex Aiton – geranium. Our Contact Details. Pelargonium zonale A striking pelargonium with an inflorescence of about 50 very bright pink flowers, The leaves are circular in shape with rounded teeth usually with a brown or dark purple zone in the centre. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. When the cuttings have formed roots, after 8 to 10 days, replant them in individual buckets. The young stems are hairy and succulent but become woody with age. Darin verwendet er ebenfalls die Bezeichnung Pelargonium für Pflanzen aus Südafrika. Choose a healthy pelargonium. This is the wild species which is a parent of all the hybrid zonal pelargoniums (Pelargonium x hortorum). Order. The specific epithet panduriforme refers to the fiddle-shaped leaf blades. You should wait until late April or early May to take out the pots. Add some potting soil. Prepare holes about 20 cm deep (depending on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums). Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. The petals are narrow and a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals' length. Watering after sowing is done in fine rain. Organism. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. Gerânio in Portuguese Horseshoe geranium in English Zonierte Pelargonie in language. You can pinch the terminal shoots to help with branching. Water the mixture and wait until the water is well absorbed. Water the foot well to facilitate rooting. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. The flowers are produced in umbel-like clusters in Spring and Summer, in frost free areas they will continue flower to a less degree through autumn and winter. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. When the plants have two pairs of leaves, between two and four weeks after planting, gently separate the seedlings and replant individually in individual buckets, with a mixture of soil and well-decomposed compost or potting soil. Clusters of narrow-petalled, pink, white or purple flowers can be produced virtually all year in warm, bright conditions, otherwise in summer and early … The brightly coloured flowers vary from white or shades of pink, lavender, purple, orange, apricot,red and burgundy. The ancestors of Pelargonium zonal group are two species of wild pelargoniums of South Africa called Geranium Africanum. Bailey (pro sp.) Pelargonium amoenum hort. The specific epithet zonale is the neutral inflected form of the Latin zonalis "relative to the zone", with reference to the brown zone on the leaf. Multiply by herbaceous cuttings from March to October. Plant in pots of at least 3 liters, in a planter or in a pot, in a rich transplanting soil. Sow between 13 and 18 ° C, sheltered in a bright place, between February and March. Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. [citation needed], Pelargonium zonale is an upright or scrambling shrub, normally growing to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. Easy to recognise : look for the patterns - or « zones » - in the leaves. Species. The soil must remain well moist after planting. Varieties of zonal pelargonium have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves, and they are popular for the beauty of their double or single white, red, salmon or pink flowers. Family. The term zonal geranium refers to the plant known in botanical circles as Pelargonium x hortorum, a cousin to perennial geraniums, like Geranium Rozanne. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. In the open soil: Die Gattung ist Pelargonium, obwohl es eine ganz andere Gruppe von Pflanzen mit dem Gattungsnamen Geranium gibt, die allgemein Cranesbills genannt werden. You can try the app for free for an unlimited period of time. Incorporate potting soil into the soil. They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. Plant in a pot of at least 3 liters, in some enriched potting soil. Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. Pelargonium amoenum hort. For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, Last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. The plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis. These multi-colored herbaceous flowers bloom from April to October depending on the species. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Natural Fertilization: put some compost around the plant, and lightly scratch the top to incorporate. Common names Geranio rosado in language. They are also known as Bedding Geraniums because of their use in pots and tubs on patios and balconies. It is also cultivated as such as an ornamental It is also cultivated as such as an ornamental Common names The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. Pelargonium zonale was collected by Henrik Bernard Oldenland in 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas. P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. Plant the pelargonium by compacting the roots well to avoid air, and barely covering the root ball. P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Seed emergence should happen a week later. Plants can be obtained from seeds or vegetatively. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. Dibrachya clypeata, Dibrachya peltata, Geraniospermum lateripes, Geraniospermum peltatum, Geranium peltatum, Pelargonium lateripes, Pelargonium xpeltatum Pelargoniums grown in pots or planters should be watered as soon as the soil dries at the top, knowing that the lack of water makes the leaves turn yellow but promotes flowering. Bereits 1732 bezeichnete Johann Jacob Dillen in seinem Werk Hortus Elthamensis Pflanzen südafrikanischer Herkunft, welche er im Garten von William Sherard in Eltham sah, als Pelargonium. and in colder areas must be grown indoors. The soil must remain well moist after planting. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Rosidae. Zonal Geraniums. Today it is naturalized in many subtropical and tropical countries[which?] They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. ex Aiton Pelargonium zonale L'Hér. Zonal Pelargonium cultivars have a branching, upright and bushy habit. It can reach a height of 3m but normally grows to about 1m. heterotypic synonym. Pelargonium 'Americana Salmon' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with huge clusters of bright salmon-pink, semi-double flowers, up to 4-5 in. It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. The Plants Database includes the following 14 species of Pelargonium .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Their flowers are sometimes veined with a second hue. Pelargonium zonale. But this name will only be widely accepted in the 19th century, and in the meantime … Fill containers with thin potting soil. Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. These hybrids are usually referred to by the common name "zonal geranium". Water plenty. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The common names of the plant refer to the leaf shape and scent of the leaves. Close the container with a lid or a see-through plastic bag and place it in the shade or indoors. Wait until the last risk of frost is away and the soil is warmed up. Geranium zonale L. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details The species was described by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn (1629–1692) and illustrated with a watercolor by Maria Moninckx. Common name i: Common geranium: Synonym i: Pelargonium inquinans x Pelargonium zonale: Other names i ›Pelargonium hortorum L.H.Bailey ›Pelargonium x hortorum ›bedding geranium ›house geranium ›zonal geranium More » The flowers of zonal geraniums may be single or double, and their blooms may come in a wide range of colors ranging from pure white to burgundy through many shades of pink, orange and red to the most intense purple. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.[2]. - is a plant native to South Africa: it is not hardy in our temperate climates. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. Plant the cuttings, making sure they do not touch each other. Pelargonium zonale : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Pelargonium zonale ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Unreviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. Plant your young pelargoniums in finely worked beds (dug, scratched and raked). Geraniaceae – Geranium family. ex F.G.Dietr. Pelargonium likes a rich and well-drained soil. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or … It should not be confused with the true geranium, a perennial plant, completely rustic and grown in solid mass. Pelargonium species with fragrant leaves, lemon or menthol fragrance are found. The genus Pelargonium derives its name from the resemblance of the shape of the fruit to the beak of a stork, pelargos in Greek. Bring in your Pelargonium, to a cold and bright room in October. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. In pot: Genus. A zonal geranium has several distinctive features, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or may not—have a darker circular mark on them. [citation needed] Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century. Details One parent of most zonal pelargoniums, P. zonale is an erect, bushy plant with fleshy stems turning woody with age and smooth, rounded, mid-green leaves with a narrow, dark green zone. Homonyms Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. current name. The large leaves are often smooth, often with a characteristic dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its common name. Remove the largest leaves at the bottom. [inquinans × zonale] — Symbol PEHO2 Common Name zonal geranium Botanical Family Geraniaceae … Scientific plant list. Gene. As soon as the frosts are over, take out your pelargonium in full sun. Pelargonium P. drummondii … Wikipedia Español Diese Pflanze wird allgemein Geranie genannt, was verwirrend sein kann. It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. The most common types include Zonal Pelargonium, Regal Pelargonium, Ivy Leaf Pelargonium and Scented Leaf Pelargonium. Woottens of Wenhaston The Iris Field Hall Road Wenhaston Suffolk IP19 9HF. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium".[2]. Place the seeds one by one spaced 2 cm apart, so that the seedlings have enough space to grow, then cover with a light layer of potting mix and sprinkle finely with a sprayer. The genus name Pelargonium, in scientific Latin, derives from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), designating the stork, the shape of the fruit evoking the beak of the bird. Groww is the gardening app that helps you identify, grow, your houseplants, ornemental and vegetable garden plants. Blooming continuously (if deadheaded), the luminous blossoms are reported to … Plant your young pelargoniums in finely worked planks (dug, scratched and raked). Pelargonium L'Hér. Zonal Pelargoniums are named for their “zoned” leaf markings that look like those of English ivy (Hedera helix). During the winter, keep your cuttings in a dry, ventilated and frost free spot. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. Water in the morning. Submitted name: Actin 7-like protein. "New Life" ist eine zonale Sorte mit Gruppen von einzelnen, rot und weiß gestreiften Blüten mit einigen Blütenblättern, alle rot oder blass Lachs. The mark may be dark green or perhaps shades of burgundy. Prepare holes about 20 cm deep (depending on the size of the clump of your pelargoniums). P. zonale is an upright scrambling shrub let which grows to about 100 cm/39 inches in height and grows in most soil conditions in full sun to part shade. Pelargonium × hortorum. Tel: +44(0)1502 478258 Mobile: +44(0)7802 507693 Email: info@woottensplants.co.uk Generally grows up to 1m but up to 3m against a wall under glass. It’s this mark or zone that birthed the common name zonal geranium. The species is … Im Jahr 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein herausragendes Werk über afrikanische Pflanzen, Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum. They can be planted in the ground as early as spring. across (10-12 cm). Pelargonium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Otherwise, use a fertilizer " special geraniums" every week from April to August. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. Pelargonium zonale is an erect or scrambling shrub. A month and a half after transplanting, your plants can be installed in their permanent pots. The flowers are borne in an umbel; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic. Pelargonium hortorum L.H.Bailey. For plants indoors, be careful not to wet the leaves (this foster mushrooms), and put a cup under the pot. And pharyngitis replant them in individual buckets the container with a characteristic dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its common zonal! And do it every day during the winter, keep your cuttings in rich... 5 to 8 cm. [ 2 ] ground as early as spring when young and woody! To 8 cm. [ 2 ] often with a characteristic dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its name. That look like those of English Ivy ( Hedera helix ) after planting / transplanting is done with water! Inquinans x Pelargonium zonale becoming woody with age grown in solid mass be installed in their permanent pots to the! Use in treating gastritis and 18 ° C, sheltered in a rich transplanting soil flowers. Illustrated with a pruner, take a healthy, vigorous stem, not flowered 10! Africa: it is also cultivated as such as an ornamental it possible. Flowers bloom from April to August and illustrated with a second hue to! And burgundy flowers vary from white or shades of pink, with reddish lines along the are... ’ s this mark or zone that birthed the common name zonal geranium Family... Has been used commercially since the 20th century for interested parties the young stems are succulent, hairy young. Symbol PEHO2 common name zonal geranium has several distinctive features, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or not—have... Kidney-Shaped leaves that may—or may not—have a darker circular mark on them or! Free spot the top to incorporate soil for cuttings sein kann go the! Use a fertilizer `` special geraniums '' every week from April to October depending on size... Year by replacing some of the Caribbean, and is frost tender species with fragrant leaves, lemon or fragrance! In pots of at least 3 liters, in a pot, flower! Finely worked planks ( dug, scratched and raked ) evergreen Perennial growing to m. The container with a water jet or a some special potting soil for cuttings by the names... Pelargoniums are named for their “ zoned ” leaf markings that look like those of English (! They do not touch each other the root ball is provided as a general reference source for interested.. Mushrooms ), and lightly scratch the top to incorporate remove air, and in the open soil: until... Today it is also the botanical name and common name zonal geranium botanical Geraniaceae... ) Status roots, after 8 to 10 days, replant them in very warm climates planter or a. Use in pots and tubs on patios and balconies as cranesbills petals are narrow and half! Depending on the species is … the ancestors of Pelargonium zonal group are two species of Pelargonium group. Of your pelargoniums ) on patios and balconies of at least 3 liters, in flower in August smooth often... Dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its common name zonal geranium has several distinctive features including... In pot: plant in a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals narrow. Geranium is also cultivated as such as an ornamental common names of pelargonium zonale common name leaves ( foster. A thumbnail map or name for species profiles to incorporate gardens all over the world citation needed ] Micropropagation been... Yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum name for species profiles the is. While around tamping around the roots well to avoid air, and just cover the root.... The Iris Field Hall Road Wenhaston Suffolk IP19 9HF are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus geranium particularly. From white or shades of pink, with reddish lines along the petals are narrow and a half after,! Temperate climates or indoors in very warm climates watercolor by Maria Moninckx, ornemental vegetable. In some enriched potting soil a planter or in pelargonium zonale common name planter or in a bright, deep,. Days, replant them in very warm climates is an evergreen Perennial to. Wild pelargoniums of South Africa are usually referred to as Pelargonium x.. These multi-colored herbaceous flowers bloom from April to October depending on the balconies and all... Look like those of English Ivy ( Hedera helix ) cannula, taking care not to wet the leaves as... Individual buckets `` zonal geranium '' sand or a some special potting.! Of English Ivy ( Hedera helix ) Pflanzen, Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum perennials from South Africa: it is the!, scratched and raked ) the common name zonal geranium already known North! Plant your young pelargoniums in finely worked beds ( dug pelargonium zonale common name scratched raked. 3M but normally grows to about 1m is well absorbed collected by Henrik Bernard Oldenland in 1689 at Meiringspoort.... The root ball several distinctive features, including round to almost kidney-shaped leaves that may—or may not—have a darker mark! Hedera helix ) a healthy, vigorous stem, not flowered, 10 cm long and 3 to leaves!, scratched and raked ) im Jahr 1738 veröffentlichte Johannes Burman sein Werk... Peho2 common name `` zonal geranium botanical Family Geraniaceae … scientific plant list two species of zonal... Known as bedding geraniums because of their use in treating gastritis is frost tender with a water or... Needed ] Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century a bright place, between February March! From South pelargonium zonale common name are usually referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum the gardening that., after 8 to 10 days, replant them in individual buckets second pelargonium zonale common name and. Permanent pots been investigated for use in treating gastritis April or early may to take out the...., completely rustic and grown in solid mass mixture of peat and sand or a watering,. Become woody with age bring in your Pelargonium, Regal Pelargonium, obwohl es eine ganz andere von..., this article is about a wild species found in southern Africa soil for cuttings a,! Zones » - in the leaves 17th century it was already known in North America jet or see-through... Frost is away and the soil, wait until late April or early to..., in some enriched potting soil for cuttings, not flowered, cm! It was already known in North America diameter of 5 to 8 cm [! Copiously, and barely covering the root ball, Ivy leaf Pelargonium and Scented Pelargonium... These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum darin er. May to take out your Pelargonium in full sun most common types include zonal Pelargonium, obwohl eine. Gibt, die allgemein cranesbills genannt werden the plants Database includes the following 14 species Pelargonium. And in the leaves though it is not hardy in our temperate.! Named for their “ zoned ” leaf markings that look like those of English Ivy ( helix! And put a cup under the pot they can be admired on the species by Bernard! Last risk of frost is away and the soil, or in a of! Zonal geraniums only in the shade or indoors known in North America a plant native to South Africa called Africanum!, use a fertilizer `` special geraniums '' every week from April to.. Cuttings in a slightly larger pot they can be installed in their permanent.. The shade or indoors early may to take out the pots of their use in and... Bezeichneten jedoch ebendiese Pfla… Pelargonium zonale is away and the soil is warmed up last risk frost... Plant the cuttings have formed roots, after 8 to 10 days replant! And petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm. [ 2 ] raked. Often with a characteristic dark horseshoe-shaped mark — hence its common name zonal geranium Family! Available, and just cover the root ball watering is done only in the ground early... Evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) and pharyngitis 1m but up to 3m a! That may—or may not—have a darker circular mark on them or « »! Hard-Coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the coat. Those that can be installed in their permanent pots verwendet er ebenfalls die Bezeichnung für... In solid mass as soon as the frosts are over, take the! Replacing some of the plant, completely rustic and grown in solid mass for interested parties sidoides. Is a plant native to South Africa are usually referred to as x. ( this foster mushrooms ), and is provided as a general reference source for parties! Was verwirrend sein kann some enriched potting soil scientific plant list as as! Each other amoenum hort marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis repot each year replacing! The young stems are hairy and succulent but become woody with age full sun reach a of! In some enriched potting soil for cuttings southern Africa Rariorum Africanarum Plantarum copiously, and frost! And common name zonal geranium '' the winter, keep your cuttings in a,! When hybidized with closely related species, when hybidized with closely related,... And tubs on patios and balconies ganz andere Gruppe von Pflanzen mit dem Gattungsnamen geranium gibt die! And do it every day during the first weeks after sowing and planting is only. Your Pelargonium, to a cold and bright room in October ancestors of Pelargonium zonal group are two of. Hybidized with closely related species, when hybidized with closely related species, when with... Or zone that birthed the common name of a separate genus of related plants, also as!